Venerable Pannananda was one of the guest speakers at the Buddhist Society of Western Australia during the Rains Retreat or Vassa (the three month period between the full moon of July and October in 2010). Venerable Pannananda gives a short introduction on the five sense faculties of mind, five powers of the mind and the Seven Factors of Enlightenment. 

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Are all difficult and challenging circumstances in life a result of bad karma? Or is it more a matter of having a negative perception of the circumstances? Bhikkhuni Hasapanna points to the difference between what is really karma, and the huge role that perception plays in shaping our reactions to circumstances. 

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